Craft, Industry and Everyday Life: Finds from Anglo-Scandinavian York


list of authors
A. J. Mainman
Nicola S. H. Rogers
list of contributors
S. Atkin
J. Bayley
R. Doonan
G. D. Gaunt
R. A. Hall
M. E. Hutchinson
I. Panter
J. A. Spriggs
M. Stiff
P. Walton Rogers
Is Part Of
The Archaeology of York [Series]
The Small Finds [Volume]
Council for British Archaeology for York Archaeological Trust
Date Copyrighted
Date Available
Digitally available on 17 November 2023
This report presents the evidence for artefacts produced from stone, glass, fired clay, jet, amber and non-ferrous metalwork of Anglo-Scandinavian date (c.850–late 11th century) from York. Most of this evidence derives from sites in the Piccadilly/Coppergate area of the city, the majority being recovered from excavations of well-preserved structures and associated features at 16–22 Coppergate. In addition, an important collection of amber found in the late 19th century at Clifford Street, near Coppergate, is published here for comparison with the amber from the other sites.

The report includes a brief description of the sites from which the material was recovered. This is followed by a discussion of the conservation techniques, and the results of a study of the provenance of the amber.

The rest of the report presents the material in two main sections. The first section, ‘Craft and Industry’, describes and evaluates the evidence for the production of objects. This includes evidence relating to ferrous and non-ferrous metalworking (in the form of stone moulds, hones, grindstones and failed castings), glass working, jet and amber working, and textile production. The mode of production for these crafts seems to cover the full range from professional (in the case of the metalworking) to domestic (in the case of the textiles). As is the case with material published in earlier parts of Volume 17, the distribution of the evidence makes it possible in some cases to suggest which structures might have served as particular workshops at different times.

The second section, ‘Everyday Life’, presents a wide range of artefacts, some of which might have been made on site and others which were produced elsewhere. Some relate to the structures on site, their fixtures and fittings, while others relate to activities within the buildings. These include a range of items of a domestic character as well as objects associated with trade. There are a wide range of personal ornaments and dress accessories produced in different materials. These artefacts, together with those previously published, give a vivid account of the activities and daily life of York’s inhabitants in the Anglo-Scandinavian period. There is also a brief account of stone sculptural fragments.

The final discussion aims to synthesise this wide range of new material and to examine the information it provides concerning trade, cultural influences and the character of Viking Age York. A catalogue of all the material recovered from the sites and a concordance of provenances completes this report.
Rights Holder
York Archaeological Trust
CC BY 4.0
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