A0086 The Bedern, north-east

Item

Title
A0086 The Bedern, north-east
Alternative Title
1976.14 The Bedern, north-east
1977.14 The Bedern, north-east
1978.14 The Bedern, north-east
1979.14 The Bedern, north-east
1980.14 The Bedern, north-east
1981.14 The Bedern, north-east
1976.14 Bedern (NE)
1977.14 Bedern (NE)
1978.14 Bedern (NE)
1979.14 Bedern (NE)
1980.14 Bedern (NE)
1981.14 Bedern (NE)
Description
Traces of Roman structures were excavated in an area truncated by post-medieval cellaring.

The earliest medieval feature was a barrel well, truncated by a ditch which dated to the first part of the 13th century. These features were superseded by four phases of building which pre-dated the building of the college. The first building was represented only by a deposit of ash covering heavily burnt clay. The area appears to have been left derelict for a period prior to the construction of a second building. This building was represented by clay floors interleaved with layers of charcoal.

Part of a stone wall was the only evidence of the stone building which superseded the probably timber built buildings. The stone and cobble foundations of three walls of the fourth phase of building survived. A hearth and cess pits were also recorded.

This last phase of building was levelled. The land had been acquired by the mid 13th century by the College of the Vicars Choral. Two buildings have been identified as associated with the first phase of College occupation of the site. The most impressive of these was a large aisled structure parallel to the north-east side of The Bedern. The timber-framed walls were set upon continuous limestone sill foundations. Various small construction spreads of limestone rubble and cobbles were associated with this building. Occupation of this building was evident from a number of contemporary latrine pits and other pits.

Towards the end of the 13th century internal modifications to the early buildings of the college began. Over the next fifty years the college underwent an almost continual round of alterations and rebuilding.

From the middle of the 14th century there was extensive remodelling of earlier buildings and the construction of several new ones. The continued expansion of the college and the need to upgrade the accommodation probably led to this move.

In the period from the later 14th century - early 15th century there was further rebuilding, on a slightly different alignment and with walls almost twice the thickness. Associated cess pits and rubbish pits were located.

No major building was constructed during the period from the mid 15th century until the early 17th century. Some of the buildings fell into decline. A 16th century building in the north-eastern part of the site was demolished and there appeared to be little sign of other new activity on the north-east side of Bedern Close.
Type
Excavation
Date
1976 – 1983
Creator
York Archaeological Trust
Contributor
M Daniells (excavator)
Colin Briden (excavator)
Spatial Coverage
The Bedern, York
SE60555213
Monument Type
Monument Type - Barrack
Monument Type - Road
Monument Type - Ditch
Monument Type - Well
Monument Type - Pits
Monument Type - Building
Monument Type - Industrial Building
Period
Roman
Medieval
Post-Medieval
Modern

Linked resources

Position: 24 (130 views)