Anglo-Scandinavian Pottery from 16-22 Coppergate


list of authors
A. J. Mainman
Is Part Of
The Archaeology of York [Series]
The Pottery [Volume]
Council for British Archaeology for York Archaeological Trust
Date Copyrighted
Date Available
Digitally available on 1 December 2023
This report deals with pottery from post-Roman to 11th century deposits at 16-22 Coppergate. These layers were, for the most part, well stratified and often independently dated. The archaeological features from this period and their interpretation appear in AY 8/4. The report includes a section summarising past research on pottery, a description of the methodology and a discussion of the problems of residuality experienced on this site. The different wares are described, discussed and illustrated. The discussion which relates the pottery to the structures and features on the site includes distribution plots showing spatial patterning of certain wares and forms. The concluding section reviews the wider significance of this assemblage. This research has shown that although there is no evidence of occupation during the Anglian period, there is a small number of sherds usually assigned to the pre-Viking period. From the earliest Anglo-Scandinavian levels the ceramic assemblage is dominated by wheel-thrown and probably locally made York wares; these are overtaken in the middle of the 10th century by Torksey-type wares, for which a local source is also predicted. By the second half of the 11th century the dominant position of this ware is supplanted by imports from Stamford and by local and regional products. There are smaller amounts of other pottery types present at all stages. These include a few imports from the Continent and new groups of 10th and 11th century glazed wares for which no source is known. In addition to the domestic wares there is a group of industrial vessels which cluster in one area of the site.
The ceramic assemblage from 16-22 Coppergate shows the development of the pottery craft in a thriving urban context, gives insights into the status and function of the four tenements on the street frontage and points to the regional and long-distance trade net-works in which York operated. In turn the site offered a much needed chronological framework for the pottery of a period which hitherto had been difficult to subdivide.
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York Archaeological Trust
CC BY 4.0
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