Finds from the Fortress

Item

list of authors
H. E. M. Cool
G. Lloyd-Morgan
A. D. Hooley
list of contributors
R. A. Hall
E. Paterson
Is Part Of
The Archaeology of York [Series]
The Small Finds [Volume]
volume
17
issue
10
Publisher
Council for British Archaeology for York Archaeological Trust
Date Copyrighted
1995
Date Available
Digitally available on 15 September 2023
Abstract
This report discusses the portable material culture of Roman date found at 9 Blake Street, 12-18 Swinegate/8 Grape Lane and 14 Little Stonegate/18 Back Swinegate, and the Purey Cust Nuffield Hospital, York. The first two sites are located in the praeumtura and the last mentioned in the retentura of the legionary fortress. The archaeological features from 9 Blake Street and their interpretation are discussed in AY 3/4 (in prep.) and the pottery assemblage from that site has been published in AY 16/7.

The first part of the fascicule commences with a unified report on the conservation of the artefacts from all three sites. An archaeological summary and a typological discussion of the material found then follows for each of the three sites. The typological discussion is structured according to the functions of the artefacts. The material is identified, dated and placed within a local, regional or national context as appropriate. The second part of the fascicule develops a method of summarising assemblages from different periods and areas of these and other sites. The York assemblages are then compared with others from buildings of known function within the legionary fortress of Caerleon, Gwent, in an attempt to elucidate the nature of the occupation at the three York sites. The statistical technique used to do this is Correspondence Analysis.

It is demonstrated that, as reflected in the finds assemblage, the Period 2 and 3 occupation at 9 Blake Street is very different from that of Period 4a, and that a period of abandonment in the early 2nd century would account for unusual patterns in the vessel glass assemblage. It is suggested that this change of function is associated with the re-occupation of the area by the sixth legion (Legio VI Victrix) after the withdrawal of the ninth legion (Legio IX Hispana).

It is also shown that the artefacts recovered from the Swinegate sites are not typical of those associated with bath houses despite the geographical proximity of these sites to the legionary bath house. The very small assemblage from the Purey Cust Nuffield Hospital site has features which suggest that it may have been derived from a military fabrica that repaired military equipment.
Rights Holder
York Archaeological Trust
Rights
CC BY 4.0
Format
Portable Document Format (PDF)
Is Format Of
Paper publication
Identifier
GB2837-PUB-AY-17-10
oclcnum
32253504
isbn10
1872414532
isbn13
9781872414539
Type
Text
Language
English
page start
1513
page end
1686
number of pages
174

Position: 109 (35 views)