Anglo-Scandinavian Finds from Lloyds Bank, Pavement, and Other Sites

Item

list of authors
Arthur MacGregor
list of contributors
N. G. Berridge
S. E. Ellis
B. Spencer
A. Muthesius
J. Waterer
D. Tweddle
J. Crummett
S. E. Warren
J. A. Spriggs
Is Part Of
The Archaeology of York [Series]
The Small Finds [Volume]
volume
17
issue
03
Publisher
Council for British Archaeology for York Archaeological Trust
Date Copyrighted
1982
Date Available
Digitally available on 27 October 2023
Abstract
The finds described here are from the excavation of Anglo-Scandinavian and early medieval levels at 6-8 Pavement (Lloyds Bank) and from watching briefs at 5 Coppergate and Leadmill Lame. An account of the excavations and observations appears in A Y 8/1, and the environmental evidence is considered in AY 14/4. Some of the pottery is described in AY 16/1.

Excavation of a limited area at 6-8 Pavement revealed waterlogged archaeological deposits to a depth of some 9m below the modern street level, rich in organic materials. The remains of up to eleven successive timber structures aligned at right angles to the modern street, Pavement, were also discovered. Three radiocarbon dates, together with the pottery evidence, suggest that occupation began here before AD 850 and continued into the 11th century at which point the archaeological layers were truncated by modern cellars; some later features had, however, penetrated to this depth. At 5 Coppergate similar dark organic layers were encountered, with a timber and wattle boundary fence. At Leadmill Lane Roman, Anglo-Scandinavian, and medieval pits were observed during building operations.

The Lloyds Bank site produced finds indicating occupation, including soapstone bowl fragments (Fig. 36), querns and grindstones (Figs. 37-8), hones (Fig. 40), locks and keys (Fig. 42) and wooden vessels (Figs. 75-6). It also produced items for personal use or wear such as an iron buckle (Fig. 46), various strap-terminals (Fig. 46), glass beads (Fig. 47), bone dress pins (Fig. 48) and antler combs (Fig. 49). More important is the evidence for various crafts practised here: large-scale leatherworking is indicated by a mass of leather offcuts, leather-working tools such as awls (Fig. 41), and a shoe last (Fig. 74), as well as by finished products such as shoes (Figs. 71-2). An intact shoe was also found at 5 Coppergate (Fig. 72). Similarly, the presence of unfinished objects indicated jet and amber working on or near the site (Fig. 47). Spinning and weaving are represented (Fig. 54) by a spindle and spindlewhorls, a loom weight, a fragment of a linen smoother and by the remains of yarn, together with 47 textile fragments discussed by Mr J. Hedges and Miss P. Walton (pp. 102-32). Both Leadmill Lane and 5 Coppergate yielded evidence for the manufacture of antler objects (Fig. 79).

All the finds discussed here are now deposited in the Yorkshire Museum.
Rights Holder
York Archaeological Trust
Rights
CC BY 4.0
Format
Portable Document Format (PDF)
Is Format Of
Paper publication
Identifier
GB2837-PUB-AY-17-3
oclcnum
911898209
isbn10
0906780020
isbn13
9780906780022
Type
Text
Language
English
page start
67
page end
174
number of pages
108

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