Excavations South-West of the Ouse (1961-1993) at 5 Rougier Street, 24-30 Tanner Row and Sites in Bishophill


Excavations South-West of the Ouse (1961-1993) at 5 Rougier Street, 24-30 Tanner Row and Sites in Bishophill
list of authors
Jane McComish (Lilley)
P. J. Ottaway
N. Pearson
P. Wenham
list of contributors
S. J. Allen
B. Antoni
T. F. C. Blagg
D. A. Brinklow
L. Collett
G. D. Gaunt
R. A. Hall
J. Hinchliffe
D. Hooley
K. Kenward
R. Marwood
G. Morgan
P. Scholefield
G. Shaw
R. S. O. Tomlin
R. P. Wright
Is Part Of
The Archaeology of York [Series]
The Colonia [Volume]
Council for British Archaeology for York Archaeological Trust
Date Copyrighted
Date Available
Metadata available on 29 September 2023
This volume is concerned with the archaeology of the Roman town south-west of the Ouse at York, a provincial capital in the early 3rd century and granted the honorary status of colonia, at about the same time. The introduction to the volume summarises the history of archaeological research into the Roman town and the current state of knowledge. The principal excavation described, at 24–30 Tanner Row, lay in the core of the Roman town adjacent to the main approach road from the south-west. A complex sequence of stratified deposits was divided into seven distinct periods in the development of a property facing onto that road. Following an episode of ground preparation, which terraced the naturally sloping ground, there were two main periods, dated to the late 2nd century, in which timber buildings were constructed on the site. Preservation of structural timbers was excellent due to waterlogging and they illustrate various carpentry techniques described in a specialist report. In and around the buildings there were refuse layers containing abundant evidence for metalworking, leatherworking and other crafts. Also well preserved was a wide range of organic materials including animal bone, plant remains and insects which provide a vivid illustration of diet and living conditions. The timber buildings were replaced, probably in the mid-3rd century, by one built in stone of which only a part was found on the site itself. Little detail of its superstructure was recovered because it had been demolished to its very substantial foundations in the late or post-Roman period.

A little distance to the north-east of 24–30 Tanner Row, excavation of a trench at 5 Rougier Street also revealed a complex sequence which began in the mid–late 2nd century. Among the principal discoveries was a large deposit of burnt grain, a street, repaired on four occasions between the late 2nd century and the early 4th century, and adjacent to it a group of large stone pillars which were probably part of a much larger structure in the immediate area. The sequence ended in the late 4th century with a deposit of ‘dark earth’. Also in the core of the Roman town two small trenches dug at 27 Tanner Row in 1971 revealed the main Roman road from the south-west.

The latter part of the volume includes reports on a number of small-scale excavations in the Bishophill area undertaken in the 1960s by the late Peter Wenham which revealed remains of a street and stone buildings. Reports on watching briefs in Micklegate and Bishophill add further information about streets and buildings in the Roman town.

A concluding discussion sets out the principal contributions made by the excavations described in the volume to knowledge of the Roman town itself and of Roman York in general.
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York Archaeological Trust
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