Interval Tower SW5 and the South-west Defences: Excavations 1972-5

Item

list of authors
A. B. Sumpter
S. Coll
list of contributors
P. C. Buckland
J. S. R. Hood
Is Part Of
The Archaeology of York [Series]
The Legionary Fortress [Volume]
volume
03
issue
02
Publisher
Council for British Archaeology for York Archaeological Trust
Date Copyrighted
1977
Date Available
Digitally available on 14 July 2023
Abstract
Excavations by York Archaeological Trust between 1972 and 1975 took place in advance of hotel construction on the known site of interval tower SW5, on the south-west front of the legionary fortress. Little stratification survived in Roman levels. The 1st century defences were a ditch and turf-revetted rampart, whilst two post-pits probably indicated a six-post timber interval tower and, with a similar tower discovered in 1956–57, provided the first evidence for the number and spacing of these. A replacement ditch further to the south-west may have accompanied the insertion of a stone wall into the rampart front, possibly in the early 2nd century. Subsequently a large stone building was erected behind the rampart and over the intervallum road. Probably in the late 3rd or the 4th century the external ditch was redug, the curtain wall rebuilt, and the massive polygonal-fronted masonry interval tower SW5 incorporated as one of six similar towers along this front; it is the first to have been completely excavated. The repositioned intervallum road was flanked to the north-east by a stone-based culvert and a sidewalk adjacent to a long stone building, probably not a barrack. While the latter was not replaced following its demolition after c. AD 360, the intervallum road was relaid twice with intervening periods of neglect A small pit near SW5 contained late or post-Roman grass-tempered pottery. A possible palisade on the line of the external ditches might have supplemented the defences in Anglo-Scandinavian or Anglo-Norman times.
Rights Holder
York Archaeological Trust
Rights
CC BY 4.0
Format
Portable Document Format (PDF)
Is Format Of
Paper publication
Identifier
GB2837-PUB-AY-3-2
oclcnum
4200964
isbn10
0900312483
isbn13
9780900312489
Type
Text
Language
English
page start
57
page end
95
number of pages
39

Position: 875 (11 views)