A0629 12-18 Swinegate

Item

Title
A0629 12-18 Swinegate
Alternative Title
1989.28 12-18 Swinegate
1990.28 12-18 Swinegate
Description
"Area excavation of medieval and post-medieval levels was concentrated on the Grape Lane, Little Stonegate and Back Swinegate street frontages. Deep trench excavations were located over areas of maximum destruction to reveal the entire sequence of occupation.

Incomplete preservation of the structures of early modern date were revealed fronting Swinegate. These included a rectilinear brick-lined drain, a roughly built limestone structure with a timber and cobbled threshold and a semi-sunken stone-lined feature with a brick floor.

An extensive area on the Grape Lane frontage was stripped down to the late 15th century levels. This spanned three properties and a lane. Two of the properties were aligned with their gable end with the street. An area was also stripped at the junction of Little Stonegate and Back Swinegate.

On the Little Stonegate frontage the plans of the two properties dating to the early 16th century were recorded. Buildings of this date appear to have been robbed on Back Swinegate and the plans for four of their predecessors were revealed.

In the deep excavations the backyards of the four properties running between Swinegate and Petergate were investigated and showed evidence of cess pits, dumping and cultivation as well as two alleys of different dates running between the two streets. Between these deposits part of the medieval cemetery of St Benet's church was excavated. In all 27 inhumations were removed, the majority being within oak coffins. The church became redundant in the first quarter of the 14th century.

Roman levels were encountered in 2 deep trenches beneath the cemetery was an extensive metalled surface, possibly a palaestra or a parade ground within the Roman fortress. This overlay a timber floor of interleaved planks, which may have been used for mixing mortar within the fortress when the fortress was rebuilt in stone, and a robber trench for a stone wall. Below again were pits and post-holes from the earliest timber structures on the site.

In the second trench a limestone wall measuring over 1m wide with an offset foundation course was excavated. It was aligned north-north-west/south-south-east and was associated with a number of subsidiary walls and compact surfaces of clay and crushed stone and mortar. These features are clearly part of a substantial late Roman building of some importance, although its function is uncertain.

The investigation of foundation pile positions continued following the main excavations. This was necessitated by the discovery of burials presumed to be within the cemetery of the church of St Benet. A total of 99 inhumations was removed from trenches designed to investigate the limits of the cemetery. Many of the burials were within oak coffins; the lid of one was decorated with an incised Nine Mens Morris board. Further masonry walls of Roman date, parts of the legionary fortress were encountered."
Type
Excavation
Date
1990 – 1990
Creator
York Archaeological Trust
Contributor
N Pearson (excavator)
Mark Whyman (excavator)
Jane Lilley (McComish) (excavator)
Spatial Coverage
12-18 Swinegate, York
SE60335200
Period
Roman
Medieval
Post-Medieval

Linked resources

Items with "References: A0629 12-18 Swinegate"
Title Class
Finds from the Fortress Text
Finds from the Fortress Text
Roman Pottery from York Text
Roman Pottery from York Text
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